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Shubhomoy Haque, MA student, University of Gothenburg.

Human Rights or Hegemony? H&M’s Fair Living Wage Initiative and Workers’ Wage Concerns in Bangladesh Ready-made Garment Industry.

Shubhomoy Haque is attending the ‘Erasmus Mundus Human Rights Policy and Practice MA’ at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He also studied at the University of Roehampton in United Kingdom and at University of Deusto in Spain in the same programme. Previously, he worked at the ‘Programme, Policy and Campaigns’ unit of ActionAid in Bangladesh. Working within the civil society for the last five years, he has been involved in research and policy advocacy on labour rights and industrial governance issues in the garments and clothing industry in Bangladesh. ‘Business and human rights’ is the key area of his academic and professional interest. His research interest includes the issues of social movements, transnational advocacy networks and transnational labour solidarity, among others. His Master’s thesis is a qualitative research project which attempts to examine the relevance of H&M’s Fair Living Wage initiative to the worker’s wage concerns in the ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh, drawing on Antonio Gramsci’s theory of hegemony.


Loan Pham, MA student, University of Gothenburg.

Land grabs for development projects and human rights’ implications on Vietnamese peasants.

I am currently studying for a Master’s degree in Human Rights Policy and Practice at the University of Gothenburg, University of Deusto and University of Roehampton in Sweden, Spain and the UK (Erasmus Mundus). My main fields of interest are workers and peasants’ rights.

My dissertation looks at the problem of a domestic land grabbing case in Vietnam: the expropriation of agricultural land from farmers for development purposes without sufficient compensation, which appears to serve the benefit of private investors and at the expense of rural communities. Land in Vietnam has become a de factor commodity to sell and buy in the market. However, it is still owned and managed under the state perception of collective ownership, which belongs to the whole people. This has created growing struggles and social unrests in Vietnam society. By looking through the human rights perspective, the thesis shall reveal impacts of agricultural land appropriation on the human rights enjoyment of Vietnamese peasants. Due to the lack of a specific international human rights of peasants in the current discourse, this thesis also discusses on what human right would be appropriate to protect farmers in the context of Vietnam.